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Protezione consolare


Protezione consolare



Consular protection and assistance are provided to Italian nationals who:

- have encountered problems with the local legal system, or who are involved in accidents;
- search for Italian nationals who have not maintained contact;
- assistance for Italian parents whose foreign spouse or a spouse with dual citizenship has abducted a child, and taken it to another country.

In the case of accidents occurring abroad, the diplomatic-consular representations make sure that Italian citizens receive adequate medical treatment locally, that relatives are duly informed and that all possible assistance is provided in case the return to Italy is required.

In the case of an Italian national being arrested in a foreign country,

the Consular Office may:

- make consular visits to the detainee;
- indicate a possible lawyer;
- maintain contact with family in Italy;
- provide the detainee with healthcare, food, books and newspapers where necessary and permitted by local regulations;
- intervene as regards transfer to Italy should the Italian citizens be detainee in countries belonging to the Strasbourg Convention on the transfer of prisoners or other ad hoc bilateral agreements;
- intervene, in certain cases, to support requests for pardon on humanitarian grounds.

The Consular Office may not:

- intervene in court on behalf of the Italian national;
- pay the detainee’s legal expenses.

For further information refer to the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs


It may consist in appointing a lawyer and, in the most serious cases, indigent Italian nationals may also receive financial aids.
Financial aids aimed to pay legal services may be given by the diplomatic-consular representations in case of verifiable indigence and they may consist in:

- financial aids for Italian nationals living abroad;
- loans with the promise of repayment for Italian nationals traveling abroad.

The diplomatic-consular representation will attest that the relatives of the Italian nationals in Italy can pay back the expenses, before appointing itself to pay legal services on behalf of Italian nationals.

For further information refer to the website of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs


The problem of the international abduction of minors has become increasingly relevant.
The only binding instrument at the disposal of the Italian parent for recuperating the minor is the Hague Convention of 25.10.1980 (Central Authority for Italy and the Department of Juvenile Justice at the Ministry of Justice). In cases where the Convention is not applicable the Ministry fully implements its institutional functions, adapting its intervention to the specific nature of each case.